“[31] When the Son of man shall come in his glory, and all the holy angels with him, then shall he sit upon the throne of his glory: [32] And before him shall be gathered all nations: and he shall separate them one from another, as a shepherd divideth his sheep from the goats: [33] And he shall set the sheep on his right hand, but the goats on the left.”

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Matthew 25:31-33 describes the final judgment, where Jesus, the Son of Man, returns in glory with His angels to judge all nations, separating people like a shepherd separates sheep from goats.


This passage symbolizes the final judgment where Jesus distinguishes the righteous (sheep) from the unrighteous (goats). The sheep, representing the righteous, are placed on His right hand, signifying honor and favor, while the goats, representing the unrighteous, are placed on His left, indicating disfavor.

Modern Day Application Across Various Fields

1. Theology

Emphasizes the importance of living a righteous life in anticipation of the final judgment and the eternal consequences of one’s actions.

2. Philosophy

Encourages reflection on justice, morality, and the ethical implications of final accountability.

3. Psychology

Highlights the psychological aspects of moral behavior and the internal motivations for ethical living.

4. Education

Stresses the importance of teaching moral and ethical principles, preparing individuals for personal and societal responsibilities.

5. Leadership

Advises leaders to act justly and righteously, recognizing their ultimate accountability.

6. Social Sciences

Explores the impact of ethical and moral teachings on societal behavior and development.

7. Communication

Emphasizes the importance of conveying messages of justice, morality, and accountability in all forms of communication.